GEPHE SUMMARY
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001014
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Arabidopsis thaliana- Col0 - resistant
Trait State in Taxon B
Arabidopsis thaliana- Ler-0 sensitive
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Arabidopsis thaliana- Col0 - resistant
Taxon B
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Arabidopsis thaliana- Ler-0 sensitive
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
RPS5
Synonyms
DISEASE RESISTANCE PROTEIN RPS5; RESISTANT TO P. SYRINGAE 5; T28K15.5; T28K15_5; At1g12220
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the disease resistance NB-LRR family.
UniProtKB
Arabidopsis thaliana
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Deletion
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Henk AD; Warren RF; Innes RW
Abstract
The RPS5 and RFL1 disease resistance genes of Arabidopsis ecotype Col-0 are oriented in tandem and are separated by 1.4 kb. The Ler-0 ecotype contains RFL1, but lacks RPS5. Sequence analysis of the RPS5 deletion region in Ler-0 revealed the presence of an Ac-like transposable element, which we have designated Tag2. Southern hybridization analysis of six Arabidopsis ecotypes revealed 4-11 Tag2-homologous sequences in each, indicating that this element is ubiquitous in Arabidopsis and has been active in recent evolutionary time. The Tag2 insertion adjacent to RFL1 was unique to the Ler-0 ecotype, however, and was not present in two other ecotypes that lack RPS5. DNA sequence from the latter ecotypes lacked a transposon footprint, suggesting that insertion of Tag2 occurred after the initial deletion of RPS5. The deletion breakpoint contained a 192-bp insertion that displayed hallmarks of a nonhomologous DNA end-joining event. We conclude that loss of RPS5 was caused by a double-strand break and subsequent repair, and cannot be attributed to unequal crossing over between resistance gene homologs.
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