GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001045
Main curator
Courtier
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Oryza barthii; Oryza sativa wild-type
Trait State in Taxon B
Oryza glaberrima (Africa; domesticated strains)
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Oryza breviligulata; African wild rice; Oryza barthii A.Chev.; Oryza breviligulata A.Chev. & Roehr.
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
African rice
Synonyms
African rice; Oryza glaberrima Steud.
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
sh4
Synonyms
SHA1
String
-
Sequence Similarities
-
GO - Molecular Function
-
GO - Biological Process
-
GO - Cellular Component
-
UniProtKB
Oryza sativa subsp. indica
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
several candidate mutations: ten SNPs and five small insertion/deletions leading to reduced expression
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Wang M; Yu Y; Haberer G; Marri PR; Fan C; Goicoechea JL; Zuccolo A; Song X; et al. ... show more
Abstract
The cultivation of rice in Africa dates back more than 3,000 years. Interestingly, African rice is not of the same origin as Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.) but rather is an entirely different species (i.e., Oryza glaberrima Steud.). Here we present a high-quality assembly and annotation of the O. glaberrima genome and detailed analyses of its evolutionary history of domestication and selection. Population genomics analyses of 20 O. glaberrima and 94 Oryza barthii accessions support the hypothesis that O. glaberrima was domesticated in a single region along the Niger river as opposed to noncentric domestication events across Africa. We detected evidence for artificial selection at a genome-wide scale, as well as with a set of O. glaberrima genes orthologous to O. sativa genes that are known to be associated with domestication, thus indicating convergent yet independent selection of a common set of genes during two geographically and culturally distinct domestication processes.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
COMMENTS
@Parallelism Parallel Domestication of Shattering with Asian rice
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