GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001132
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Caenorhabditis briggsae
Trait State in Taxon B
Caenorhabditis elegans
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Caenorhabditis briggsae Dougherty & Nigon, 1949
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... s; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Protostomia; Ecdysozoa; Nematoda; Chromadorea; Rhabditida; Rhabditina; Rhabditomorpha; Rhabditoidea; Rhabditidae; Peloderinae; Caenorhabditis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
-
Synonyms
roundworm; Rhabditis elegans; Caenorhabditis elegans (Maupas, 1900); Rhabditis elegans Maupas, 1900
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... s; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Protostomia; Ecdysozoa; Nematoda; Chromadorea; Rhabditida; Rhabditina; Rhabditomorpha; Rhabditoidea; Rhabditidae; Peloderinae; Caenorhabditis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
-
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Tandem duplication of GLD-1 binding sites in 3'UTR; see also fog-2 entry
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Kuwabara PE
Abstract
The Caenorhabditis elegans sex-determining gene tra-2 promotes female development and expresses 4.7-, 1.9- and 1.8-kb mRNAs. The 4.7-kb mRNA encodes the major feminizing activity of the locus, a predicted membrane receptor that mediates cell-to-cell communication, named TRA-2A. The tra-2 gene was characterized from a close relative, C. briggsae. The Cb-tra-2 gene expresses only a 4.7-kb mRNA and alternatively spliced variants, which encode TRA-2A homologues. The Cb-TRA-2A and Ce-TRA-2A sequences are highly diverged, sharing only 43% identity, although their hydropathy profiles remain remarkably similar. Three potential regulatory sites of Ce-tra-2 activity were previously identified by analyzing tra-2(eg), tra-2(gf), and tra-2(mx) mutations. Two of these sites, the EG site and MX region, are conserved in Cb-tra-2. By contrast, the two direct repeat elements in the Ce-tra-2 3' untranslated region, which are disrupted in tra-2(gf) mutants, are absent. Injection of Cb-tra-2 antisense RNA into C.briggsae mimics the Ce-tra-2 loss-of-function phenotype. Thus, antisense RNA permits studies of gene activity in nematodes that lack extensive genetics.
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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