GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000117
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Arabidopsis thaliana - Col
Trait State in Taxon B
Arabidopsis thaliana - dwarf accession (see manuscript)
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Arabidopsis thaliana - Col
Taxon B
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Arabidopsis thaliana - dwarf accession (see manuscript)
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
GA20OX1
Synonyms
ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA GIBBERELLIN 20-OXIDASE 1; AT2301; ATGA20OX1; GA REQUIRING 5; GA5; GIBBERELLIN 20-OXIDASE; T30C3.90; T30C3_90; 20ox1; At2301; At4g25420
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the iron/ascorbate-dependent oxidoreductase family. GA20OX subfamily.
UniProtKB
Arabidopsis thaliana
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsense
Molecular Details of the Mutation
W46*
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Barboza L; Effgen S; Alonso-Blanco C; Kooke R; Keurentjes JJ; Koornneef M; Alcázar R
Abstract
Understanding the genetic bases of natural variation for developmental and stress-related traits is a major goal of current plant biology. Variation in plant hormone levels and signaling might underlie such phenotypic variation occurring even within the same species. Here we report the genetic and molecular basis of semidwarf individuals found in natural Arabidopsis thaliana populations. Allelism tests demonstrate that independent loss-of-function mutations at GA locus 5 (GA5), which encodes gibberellin 20-oxidase 1 (GA20ox1) involved in the last steps of gibberellin biosynthesis, are found in different populations from southern, western, and northern Europe; central Asia; and Japan. Sequencing of GA5 identified 21 different loss-of-function alleles causing semidwarfness without any obvious general tradeoff affecting plant performance traits. GA5 shows signatures of purifying selection, whereas GA5 loss-of-function alleles can also exhibit patterns of positive selection in specific populations as shown by Fay and Wu's H statistics. These results suggest that antagonistic pleiotropy might underlie the occurrence of GA5 loss-of-function mutations in nature. Furthermore, because GA5 is the ortholog of rice SD1 and barley Sdw1/Denso green revolution genes, this study illustrates the occurrence of conserved adaptive evolution between wild A.thaliana and domesticated plants.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
COMMENTS
YOUR FEEDBACK is welcome!