GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001184
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Triticum aestivum
Trait State in Taxon B
Triticum aestivum
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
bread wheat
Synonyms
Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum; Triticum vulgare; bread wheat; Canadian hard winter wheat; common wheat; wheat; Triticum aestivum L.; Triticum vulgare L.; Triticum vulgare Vill., nom. illeg.; Tricum aestivum; Triticum aestivam; Triticum aestivum8
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... a; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Pooideae; Triticodae; Triticeae; Triticinae; Triticum
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
bread wheat
Synonyms
Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum; Triticum vulgare; bread wheat; Canadian hard winter wheat; common wheat; wheat; Triticum aestivum L.; Triticum vulgare L.; Triticum vulgare Vill., nom. illeg.; Tricum aestivum; Triticum aestivam; Triticum aestivum8
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... a; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Pooideae; Triticodae; Triticeae; Triticinae; Triticum
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
VRN1
Synonyms
REDUCED VERNALIZATION RESPONSE 1; REM39; REPRODUCTIVE MERISTEM 39; At3g18990; K13E13.10
Sequence Similarities
-
UniProtKB
Arabidopsis thaliana
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
unknown
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Deletion
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Trevaskis B; Bagnall DJ; Ellis MH; Peacock WJ; Dennis ES
Abstract
By comparing expression levels of MADS box transcription factor genes between near-isogenic winter and spring lines of bread wheat, Triticum aestivum, we have identified WAP1 as the probable candidate for the Vrn-1 gene, the major locus controlling the vernalization flowering response in wheat. WAP1 is strongly expressed in spring wheats and moderately expressed in semispring wheats, but is not expressed in winter wheat plants that have not been exposed to vernalization treatment. Vernalization promotes flowering in winter wheats and strongly induces expression of WAP1. WAP1 is located on chromosome 5 in wheat and, by synteny with other cereal genomes, is likely to be collocated with Vrn-1. These results in hexaploid bread wheat cultivars extend the conclusion made by Yan et al. [Yan, L., Loukoianov, A., Tranquilli, G., Helguera, M., Fahima, T. & Dubcovsky, J. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 6263-6268] in the diploid wheat progenitor Triticum monococcum that WAP1 (TmAP1) corresponds to the Vrn-1 gene. The barley homologue of WAP1, BM5, shows a similar pattern of expression to WAP1 and TmAP1. BM5 is not expressed in winter barleys that have not been vernalized, but as with WAP1, expression of BM5 is strongly induced by vernalization treatment. In spring barleys, the level of BM5 expression is determined by interactions between the Vrn-H1 locus and a second locus for spring habit, Vrn-H2. There is now evidence that AP1-like genes determine the time of flowering in a range of cereal and grass species.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
COMMENTS
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