GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001344
Main curator
Prigent
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Horse ; Franches Montagnes ; chestnut
Trait State in Taxon B
Horse ; Franches Montagnes ; chestnut with more white face and leg markings
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
horse
Synonyms
Equus przewalskii f. caballus; Equus przewalskii forma caballus; horse; domestic horse; equine; Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... rata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus; Equus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Horse ; Franches Montagnes ; chestnut
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
horse
Synonyms
Equus przewalskii f. caballus; Equus przewalskii forma caballus; horse; domestic horse; equine; Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... rata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus; Equus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Horse ; Franches Montagnes ; chestnut with more white face and leg markings
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
Kit
Synonyms
W; Bs; Fdc; Ssm; SCO1; SCO5; SOW3; CD117; c-KIT; Tr-kit; Gsfsco1; Gsfsco5; Gsfsow3; Sl
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. CSF-1/PDGF receptor subfamily.
GO - Biological Process
GO:0043066 : negative regulation of apoptotic process ... show more
UniProtKB
Mus musculus
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
different haplotypes
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Haase B; Signer-Hasler H; Binns MM; Obexer-Ruff G; Hauswirth R; Bellone RR; Burger D; Rieder S; et al. ... show more
Abstract
Coat color and pattern variations in domestic animals are frequently inherited as simple monogenic traits, but a number are known to have a complex genetic basis. While the analysis of complex trait data remains a challenge in all species, we can use the reduced haplotypic diversity in domestic animal populations to gain insight into the genomic interactions underlying complex phenotypes. White face and leg markings are examples of complex traits in horses where little is known of the underlying genetics. In this study, Franches-Montagnes (FM) horses were scored for the occurrence of white facial and leg markings using a standardized scoring system. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed for several white patterning traits in 1,077 FM horses. Seven quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting the white marking score with p-values p≤10(-4) were identified. Three loci, MC1R and the known white spotting genes, KIT and MITF, were identified as the major loci underlying the extent of white patterning in this breed. Together, the seven loci explain 54% of the genetic variance in total white marking score, while MITF and KIT alone account for 26%. Although MITF and KIT are the major loci controlling white patterning, their influence varies according to the basic coat color of the horse and the specific body location of the white patterning. Fine mapping across the MITF and KIT loci was used to characterize haplotypes present. Phylogenetic relationships among haplotypes were calculated to assess their selective and evolutionary influences on the extent of white patterning. This novel approach shows that KIT and MITF act in an additive manner and that accumulating mutations at these loci progressively increase the extent of white markings.
Additional References
COMMENTS
Among 7 QTL; additive effect with MITF
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