GEPHE SUMMARY
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001458
Main curator
Prigent
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Common morning glory with purple flower
Trait State in Taxon B
Common morning glory with white flower
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
common morning-glory
Synonyms
Convolvulus purpureus; Pharbitis purpurea; common morning-glory; Convolvulus purpureus L., 1762; Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, 1787; Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt, 1845; Pharbits purpurea
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; asterids; lamiids; Solanales; Convolvulaceae; Ipomoeeae; Ipomoea
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Common morning glory with purple flower
Taxon B
Common Name
common morning-glory
Synonyms
Convolvulus purpureus; Pharbitis purpurea; common morning-glory; Convolvulus purpureus L., 1762; Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, 1787; Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt, 1845; Pharbits purpurea
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; asterids; lamiids; Solanales; Convolvulaceae; Ipomoeeae; Ipomoea
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Common morning glory with white flower
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
myb1
Synonyms
-
String
-
Sequence Similarities
-
GO - Biological Process
-
GO - Cellular Component
UniProtKB
Ipomoea purpurea
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
10-99 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
2 deletions; 6-bp and 19-bp long; the larger produces a frameshift and a premature stop
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Chang SM; Lu Y; Rausher MD
Abstract
Plant transcription factors often contain domains that evolve very rapidly. Although it has been suggested that this rapid evolution may contribute substantially to phenotypic differentiation among species, this suggestion has seldom been tested explicitly. We tested the validity of this hypothesis by examining the rapidly evolving non-DNA-binding region of an R2R3-myb transcription factor that regulates anthocyanin expression in flowers of the genus Ipomoea. We first provide evidence that the W locus in Ipomoea purpurea, which determines whether flowers will be pigmented or white, corresponds to a myb gene segregating in southeastern U.S. populations for one functional allele and one nonfunctional allele. While the binding domain exhibits substantial selective constraint, the nonbinding region evolves at an average K(a)/K(s) ratio of 0.74. This elevated rate of evolution is due to relaxed constraint rather than to increased levels of positive selection. Despite this relaxed constraint, however, approximately 20-25% of the codons, randomly distributed throughout the nonbinding region, are highly constrained, with the remainder evolving neutrally, indicating that the entire region performs important function(s). Our results provide little indication that rapid evolution in this regulatory gene is driven by natural selection or that it is responsible for floral-color differences among Ipomoea species.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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