GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001569
Main curator
Prigent
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Cattle Jersey breed - small stature
Trait State in Taxon B
Cattle Holstein-Friesian breed - higher stature
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
cattle
Synonyms
Bos bovis; Bos primigenius taurus; cattle; bovine; cow; dairy cow; domestic cattle; domestic cow; Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758; Bos Tauurus
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Ruminantia; Pecora; Bovidae; Bovinae; Bos
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Cattle Jersey breed - small stature
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
cattle
Synonyms
Bos bovis; Bos primigenius taurus; cattle; bovine; cow; dairy cow; domestic cattle; domestic cow; Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758; Bos Tauurus
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Ruminantia; Pecora; Bovidae; Bovinae; Bos
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Cattle Holstein-Friesian breed - higher stature
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
10-99 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
a (CCG)n trinucleotide repeat with 9> 11 copies and a SNP A>G immediately upstream of PLAG1 transcriptional start site
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Karim L; Takeda H; Lin L; Druet T; Arias JA; Baurain D; Cambisano N; Davis SR; et al. ... show more
Abstract
We report mapping of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) with a major effect on bovine stature to a ∼780-kb interval using a Hidden Markov Model-based approach that simultaneously exploits linkage and linkage disequilibrium. We re-sequenced the interval in six sires with known QTL genotype and identified 13 clustered candidate quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) out of >9,572 discovered variants. We eliminated five candidate QTNs by studying the phenotypic effect of a recombinant haplotype identified in a breed diversity panel. We show that the QTL influences fetal expression of seven of the nine genes mapping to the ∼780-kb interval. We further show that two of the eight candidate QTNs, mapping to the PLAG1-CHCHD7 intergenic region, influence bidirectional promoter strength and affect binding of nuclear factors. By performing expression QTL analyses, we identified a splice site variant in CHCHD7 and exploited this naturally occurring null allele to exclude CHCHD7 as single causative gene.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
COMMENTS
Non-null mutation.
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