GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001989
Main curator
Courtier
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Drosophila melanogaster - low enzyme activity
Trait State in Taxon B
Drosophila melanogaster - RI-42 allele - extremely low enzyme activity
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
fruit fly
Synonyms
Sophophora melanogaster; fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830; Sophophora melanogaster (Meigen, 1830); Drosophila melangaster
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Acalyptratae; Ephydroidea; Drosophilidae; Drosophilinae; Drosophilini; Drosophila; Sophophora; melanogaster group; melanogaster subgroup
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
fruit fly
Synonyms
Sophophora melanogaster; fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830; Sophophora melanogaster (Meigen, 1830); Drosophila melangaster
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Acalyptratae; Ephydroidea; Drosophilidae; Drosophilinae; Drosophilini; Drosophila; Sophophora; melanogaster group; melanogaster subgroup
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
1-10 kb
Molecular Details of the Mutation
insertion of a complete 5.2kb copia retroviral-like transposable element 240 bp upstream from the distal (adult) adh transcriptional start site
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Strand DJ; McDonald JF
Abstract
The Drosophila melanogaster alcohol dehydrogenase gene (adh) is under the control of two separate promoters (proximal and distal) which are preferentially utilized at the larval and adult life stages, respectively. A variant alcohol dehydrogenase allele (RI-42) isolated from a natural population contains a copia retroviral-like transposable element inserted 240 bp upstream from the distal (adult) adh transcriptional start site. Levels of adh transcripts in the RI-42 variant are reduced in tissues and at life stages where copia is actively expressed and are affected in trans- by mutant alleles at the suppressor-of-white-apricot (su(wa] and suppressor-of-forked (su(f] loci. These suppressor genes have no effect on adh expression in wild-type Drosophila.
Additional References
COMMENTS
http://flybase.org/reports/FBal0000376
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