GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00001990
Main curator
Courtier
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Drosophila melanogaster - low enzyme activity
Trait State in Taxon B
Drosophila melanogaster - AdhnAC14 allele - no enzyme activity
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
fruit fly
Synonyms
Sophophora melanogaster; fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830; Sophophora melanogaster (Meigen, 1830); Drosophila melangaster
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Acalyptratae; Ephydroidea; Drosophilidae; Drosophilinae; Drosophilini; Drosophila; Sophophora; melanogaster group; melanogaster subgroup
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
fruit fly
Synonyms
Sophophora melanogaster; fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830; Sophophora melanogaster (Meigen, 1830); Drosophila melangaster
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Acalyptratae; Ephydroidea; Drosophilidae; Drosophilinae; Drosophilini; Drosophila; Sophophora; melanogaster group; melanogaster subgroup
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
1-9 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
eight extra nucleotides (in two groups of four) in the second intron commencing six bases 3' from the 5' splice site. A stop codon was also found in exon 2. S1 nuclease protection experiments have shown that the insertions in intron 2 disrupt the correct splicing of intron 2. The null allele produces a transcript approximately 100 bases longer than the normal mature adult transcript, and the amount of the null allele transcript is only about 10% of the normal level.
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Freeth AL; Gibson JB; Wilks AV
Abstract
The DNA sequence of a naturally occurring alcohol dehydrogenase null activity allele, AdhnAC14, has eight extra nucleotides (in two groups of four) in the second intron, commencing six bases 3' from the 5' splice site. A stop codon was also found in exon 2. S1 nuclease protection experiments have shown that the insertions in intron 2 disrupt the correct splicing of intron 2. The null allele produces a transcript approximately 100 bases longer than the normal mature adult transcript, and the amount of the null allele transcript is only about 10% of the normal level.
COMMENTS
@Splicing - http://flybase.org/reports/FBal0000377 http://flybase.org/reports/FBal0000385
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