GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000299
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Musca domestica - susceptible strain
Trait State in Taxon B
Musca domestica - Rutgers - resistant strain
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
house fly
Synonyms
house fly; Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... poda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Diptera; Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Calyptratae; Muscoidea; Muscidae; Muscinae; Muscini; Musca; Musca
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
house fly
Synonyms
house fly; Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... poda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Diptera; Brachycera; Muscomorpha; Eremoneura; Cyclorrhapha; Schizophora; Calyptratae; Muscoidea; Muscidae; Muscinae; Muscini; Musca; Musca
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Musca domestica - Rutgers - resistant strain
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
LcaE7
Synonyms
-
String
-
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the type-B carboxylesterase/lipase family.
GO - Biological Process
-
GO - Cellular Component
-
UniProtKB
Lucilia cuprina
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Gly137Asp
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Claudianos C; Russell RJ; Oakeshott JG
Abstract
Organophosphate (OP) insecticide resistance in certain strains of Musca domestica is associated with reduction in the carboxylesterase activity of a particular esterase isozyme. This has been attributed to a 'mutant ali-esterase hypothesis', which invokes a structural mutation to an ali-esterase resulting in the loss of its carboxylesterase activity but acquisition of OP hydrolase activity. It has been shown that the mutation in Lucilia cuprina is a Gly137-->Asp substitution in the active site of an esterase encoded by the Lc alpha E7 gene (Newcomb, R.D., Campbell, P.M., Ollis, D.L., Cheah, E., Russell, R.J., Oakeshott, J.G., 1997. A single amino acid substitution converts a carboxylesterase to an organophosphate hydrolase and confers insecticide resistance on a blowfly. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 7464-7468). We now report the cloning and characterisation of the orthologous M. domestica Md alpha E7 gene, including the sequencing of cDNAs from the OP resistant Rutgers and OP susceptible sbo and WHO strains. The Md alpha E7 gene has the same intron structure as Lc alpha E7 and encodes a protein with 76% amino acid identity to Lc alpha E7. Comparisons between susceptible and resistance alleles show resistance in M. domestica is associated with the same Gly137-->Asp mutation as in L. cuprina. Bacterial expression of the Rutgers allele shows its product has OP hydrolase activity. The data indicate identical catalytic mechanisms have evolved in orthologous Md alpha E7 and Lc alpha E7 molecules to endow diazinon-type resistance on the two species of higher Diptera.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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