GEPHE SUMMARY
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000325
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Phlox drummondi - Light-colored flowers
Trait State in Taxon B
Phlox drummondi - Dark-colored flowers
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Phlox drummondii Hook.; Phlox drummondi
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... treptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; asterids; Ericales; Polemoniaceae; Phlox
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Phlox drummondii Hook.; Phlox drummondi
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... treptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; asterids; Ericales; Polemoniaceae; Phlox
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
UniProtKB
Solanum melongena
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
unknown
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Hopkins R; Rausher MD
Abstract
Species formation generates biological diversity and occurs when traits evolve that prevent gene flow between populations. Discerning the number and distribution of genes underlying these traits and, in a few cases, identifying the genes involved, has greatly enhanced our understanding over the past 15 years of species formation (reviewed by Noor and Feder and Wolf et al.). However, this work has almost exclusively focused on traits that restrict gene flow between populations that have evolved as a by-product of genetic divergence between geographically isolated populations. By contrast, little is known about the characteristics of genes associated with reinforcement, the process by which natural selection directly favours restricted gene flow during the formation of species. Here we identify changes in two genes that appear to cause a flower colour change in Phlox drummondii, which previous work has shown contributes to reinforcement. Both changes involve cis-regulatory mutations to genes in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway (ABP). Because one change is recessive whereas the other is dominant, hybrid offspring produce an intermediate flower colour that is visited less by pollinators, and is presumably maladaptive. Thus genetic change selected to increase prezygotic isolation also appears to result in increased postzygotic isolation.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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