GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000362
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Arabidopsis thaliana
Trait State in Taxon B
Arabidopsis thaliana WHA2
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Arabidopsis thaliana WHA2
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
FRI
Synonyms
-
String
-
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the Frigida family.
GO - Molecular Function
-
UniProtKB
Arabidopsis thaliana
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
1-9 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Insertion 1 bp at 1454 in exon 1
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Le Corre V; Roux F; Reboud X
Abstract
FRIGIDA (FRI) is a major gene involved in the regulation of flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nucleotide variation at this gene was investigated by sequencing 25 field ecotypes collected from western Europe. Genetic diversity at FRI was characterized by a high number of haplotypes and an excess of low-frequency polymorphisms. A large excess of intraspecific nonsynonymous variation associated with low synonymous variation was detected along the first exon in the FRI gene. In contrast, no excess of nonsynonymous divergence was detected between A. thaliana and A. lyrata. The Tajima and McDonald and Kreitman tests, however, suggested that this gene has evolved in a nonneutral fashion. Nonsynonymous variation included eight loss-of-function mutations that have probably arisen recently and independently in several locations. A phenotypic evaluation of the sequenced ecotypes confirmed that these loss-of-function mutations were associated with an early-flowering phenotype. Taken together, our results suggest that DNA polymorphism at the FRI gene in A. thaliana from western Europe has been shaped by recent positive selection for earliness in a set of isolated populations.
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