GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000427
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Helicoverpa armigera - Bt-Cry1Ac susceptible
Trait State in Taxon B
Helicoverpa armigera - Bt-Cry1Ac resistant
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
cotton bollworm
Synonyms
Heliothis (Helicoverpa) armigera; Heliothis armigera; cotton bollworm; American bollworm; corn ear worm; scarce bordered straw; tobacco budworm; Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner, 1808)
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... da; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Amphiesmenoptera; Lepidoptera; Glossata; Neolepidoptera; Heteroneura; Ditrysia; Obtectomera; Noctuoidea; Noctuidae; Heliothinae; Helicoverpa
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
cotton bollworm
Synonyms
Heliothis (Helicoverpa) armigera; Heliothis armigera; cotton bollworm; American bollworm; corn ear worm; scarce bordered straw; tobacco budworm; Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner, 1808)
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... da; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Amphiesmenoptera; Lepidoptera; Glossata; Neolepidoptera; Heteroneura; Ditrysia; Obtectomera; Noctuoidea; Noctuidae; Heliothinae; Helicoverpa
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
ABCA2
Synonyms
-
String
-
Sequence Similarities
-
GO - Biological Process
-
UniProtKB
Helicoverpa armigera
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
10-100 kb
Molecular Details of the Mutation
10kb deletion
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Xu X; Yu L; Wu Y
Abstract
A laboratory strain (GY) of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) was established from surviving larvae collected from transgenic cotton expressing a Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki insecticidal protein (Bt cotton) in Gaoyang County, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China, in 2001. The GYBT strain was derived from the GY strain through 28 generations of selection with activated Cry1Ac delivered by diet surface contamination. When resistance to Cry1Ac in the GYBT strain increased to 564-fold after selection, we detected high levels of cross-resistance to Cry1Aa (103-fold) and Cry1Ab (>46-fold) in the GYBT strain with reference to those in the GY strain. The GYBT strain had a low level of cross-resistance to B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki formulation (Btk) (5-fold) and no cross-resistance to Cry2Aa (1.4-fold). Genetic analysis showed that Cry1Ac resistance in the GYBT strain was controlled by one autosomal and incompletely recessive gene. The cross-resistance pattern and inheritance mode suggest that the Cry1Ac resistance in the GYBT strain of H. armigera belongs to "mode 1," the most common type of lepidopteran resistance to B. thuringiensis toxins. A cadherin gene was cloned and sequenced from both the GY and GYBT strains. Disruption of the cadherin gene by a premature stop codon was associated with a high level of Cry1Ac resistance in H. armigera. Tight linkage between Cry1Ac resistance and the cadherin locus was observed in a backcross analysis. Together with previous evidence found with Heliothis virescens and Pectinophora gossypiella, our results confirmed that the cadherin gene is a preferred target for developing DNA-based monitoring of B. thuringiensis resistance in field populations of lepidopteran pests.
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
7
COMMENTS
Parallelism: repeated loss-of-function
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