GEPHE SUMMARY
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000454
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Other mammals
Trait State in Taxon B
Lama spp.
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
mammals
Synonyms
mammals
Rank
class
Lineage
Show more ... Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Deuterostomia; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
-
Synonyms
-
Rank
genus
Lineage
Show more ... brata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Tylopoda; Camelidae
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Asp122His
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Kleinschmidt T; März J; Jürgens KD; Braunitzer G
Abstract
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and ion-exchange chromatography revealed one hemoglobin component for vicuna (Lama vicugna) and alpaca (Lama pacos). Following chain separation by chromatography on carboxymethyl-cellulose, the amino-acid sequences were elucidated for the alpha- and beta-chains of both hemoglobins using automatic Edman degradation of the chains and the tryptic peptides. Vicuna and alpaca have identical beta-chains showing no substitutions to llama (Lama glama) either. In the alpha-chains alpaca differs from llama by the exchange of one amino-acid residue: alpha 122(H5)Asp----His. The same substitution is present in vicuna too, but in addition we found two more exchanges: alpha 10(A8)Ile----Val and alpha 130(H13)Ala----Thr. The close relationship between llama and alpaca suggests that they both originate from the wild guanaco, and there is no domesticated form of vicuna. The sequence data show that the higher oxygen affinity in vicuna compared to llama and alpaca must be due to the alpha-chains as the beta-chains are identical. The significance of the substitutions in alpha 122(H5), an alpha 1/beta 1-contact, and alpha 130(H13) is discussed.
Additional References
COMMENTS
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