GEPHE SUMMARY Print
GepheID
GP00000481
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Zea mays - resistant
Trait State in Taxon B
Zea mays - Pr - sensitive
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Zea mays var. japonica; maize; Zea mays L.; Zea mays mays
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... phyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Andropogonodae; Andropogoneae; Tripsacinae; Zea
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
-
Synonyms
Zea mays var. japonica; maize; Zea mays L.; Zea mays mays
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... phyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Andropogonodae; Andropogoneae; Tripsacinae; Zea
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Zea mays - Pr - sensitive
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
hm1
Synonyms
GRMZM5G881887
String
-
Sequence Similarities
-
GO - Biological Process
-
GO - Cellular Component
-
UniProtKB
Zea mays
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Insertion Size
100-999 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
256-bp transposable element insertion in exon 4
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Johal GS; Briggs SP
Abstract
The HM1 gene in maize controls both race-specific resistance to the fungus Cochliobolus carbonum race 1 and expression of the NADPH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate)-dependent HC toxin reductase (HCTR), which inactivates HC toxin, a cyclic tetrapeptide produced by the fungus to permit infection. Several HM1 alleles were generated and cloned by transposon-induced mutagenesis. The sequence of wild-type HM1 shares homology with dihydroflavonol-4-reductase genes from maize, petunia, and snap-dragon. Sequence homology is greatest in the beta alpha beta-dinucleotide binding fold that is conserved among NADPH- and NADH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)-dependent reductases and dehydrogenases. This indicates that HM1 encodes HCTR.
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