GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000515
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Equus caballus
Trait State in Taxon B
Equus caballus - Sabino and others
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
horse
Synonyms
Equus przewalskii f. caballus; Equus przewalskii forma caballus; horse; domestic horse; equine; Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... rata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus; Equus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
horse
Synonyms
Equus przewalskii f. caballus; Equus przewalskii forma caballus; horse; domestic horse; equine; Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... rata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Perissodactyla; Equidae; Equus; Equus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Equus caballus - Sabino and others
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
Kit
Synonyms
W; Bs; Fdc; Ssm; SCO1; SCO5; SOW3; CD117; c-KIT; Tr-kit; Gsfsco1; Gsfsco5; Gsfsow3; Sl
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. CSF-1/PDGF receptor subfamily.
GO - Biological Process
GO:0043066 : negative regulation of apoptotic process ... show more
UniProtKB
Mus musculus
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
-
Molecular Details of the Mutation
T->A in intron 16; leads to skipping of exon 17
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Brooks SA; Bailey E
Abstract
Sabino (SB) is a white spotting pattern in the horse characterized by white patches on the face, lower legs, or belly, and interspersed white hairs on the midsection. Based on comparable phenotypes in humans and pigs, the KIT gene was investigated as the origin of the Sabino phenotype. In this article we report the genetic basis of one type of Sabino spotting pattern in horses that we call Sabino 1, with the alleles represented by the symbols SB1 and sb1. Transcripts of KIT were characterized by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequencing cDNA from horses with the genotypes SB1/SB1, SB1/sb1, and sb1/sb1. Horses with the Sabino 1 trait produced a splice variant of KIT that did not possess exon 17. Genomic DNA sequencing of KIT revealed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) caused by a base substitution for T with A in intron 16, 1037 bases following exon 16. The SNP associated with SB1 was designated KI16+1037A. This substitution eliminated a MnlI restriction site and allowed the use of PCR-RFLP to characterize individuals for this base change. Complete linkage was observed between this SNP and Sabino 1 in the Tennessee Walking Horse families (LOD = 9.02 for Theta = 0). Individual horses from other breeds were also tested. All five horses homozygous for this SNP were white, and all 68 horses with one copy of this SNP either exhibited the Sabino 1 phenotype or were multipatterned. Some multipatterned individuals appeared white due to the additive effect of white spotting patterns. However, 13 horses with other Sabino-type patterns did not have this SNP. Based on these results we propose the following: (1) this SNP, found within intron 16, is responsible for skipping of exon 17 and the SB1 phenotype, (2) the White and Sabino phenotypes are heterogeneous and this mechanism is not the only way to produce the pattern described as "Sabino" or "White," and (3) homozygosity for SB1 results in a complete or nearly completely white phenotype.
Additional References
EXTERNAL LINKS
COMMENTS
@Splicing
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