GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000542
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - S288c strain
Trait State in Taxon B
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - RM strain
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
baker's yeast
Synonyms
Saccharomyces capensis; Saccharomyces italicus; Saccharomyces oviformis; Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus; baker's yeast; S. cerevisiae; brewer's yeast; ATCC 18824; ATCC:18824; CBS 1171; CBS:1171; NRRL Y-12632; NRRL:Y:12632; Saccaromyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyce cerevisiae; Saccharomyes cerevisiae; Sccharomyces cerevisiae
Rank
species
Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; saccharomyceta; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales; Saccharomycetaceae; Saccharomyces
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon A Description
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - S288c strain
Taxon B
Common Name
baker's yeast
Synonyms
Saccharomyces capensis; Saccharomyces italicus; Saccharomyces oviformis; Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus; baker's yeast; S. cerevisiae; brewer's yeast; ATCC 18824; ATCC:18824; CBS 1171; CBS:1171; NRRL Y-12632; NRRL:Y:12632; Saccaromyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyce cerevisiae; Saccharomyes cerevisiae; Sccharomyces cerevisiae
Rank
species
Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; saccharomyceta; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales; Saccharomycetaceae; Saccharomyces
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - RM strain
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
LEU2
Synonyms
YCL018W; YCL18W
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the isocitrate and isopropylmalate dehydrogenases family.
GO - Cellular Component
UniProtKB
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Deletion
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Perlstein EO; Ruderfer DM; Roberts DC; Schreiber SL; Kruglyak L
Abstract
Individual response to small-molecule drugs is variable; a drug that provides a cure for some may confer no therapeutic benefit or trigger an adverse reaction in others. To begin to understand such differences systematically, we treated 104 genotyped segregants from a cross between two yeast strains with a collection of 100 diverse small molecules. We used linkage analysis to identify 124 distinct linkages between genetic markers and response to 83 compounds. The linked markers clustered at eight genomic locations, or quantitative-trait locus 'hotspots', that contain one or more polymorphisms that affect response to multiple small molecules. We also experimentally verified that a deficiency in leucine biosynthesis caused by a deletion of LEU2 underlies sensitivity to niguldipine, which is structurally related to therapeutic calcium channel blockers, and that a natural coding-region polymorphism in the inorganic phosphate transporter PHO84 underlies sensitivity to two polychlorinated phenols that uncouple oxidative phosphorylation. Our results provide a step toward a systematic understanding of small-molecule drug action in genetically distinct individuals.
Additional References
COMMENTS
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