GEPHE SUMMARY
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000588
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Oryctolagus cuniculus
Trait State in Taxon B
Oryctolagus cuniculus
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
rabbit
Synonyms
Lepus cuniculus; rabbit; European rabbit; Japanese white rabbit; domestic rabbit; rabbits
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... nathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Euarchontoglires; Glires; Lagomorpha; Leporidae; Oryctolagus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
rabbit
Synonyms
Lepus cuniculus; rabbit; European rabbit; Japanese white rabbit; domestic rabbit; rabbits
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... nathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Euarchontoglires; Glires; Lagomorpha; Leporidae; Oryctolagus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
MC1R
Synonyms
CMM5; MSH-R; SHEP2; MSHR
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
UniProtKB
Homo sapiens
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
1-9 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
6bp in-frame del of 94-95
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Fontanesi L; Tazzoli M; Beretti F; Russo V
Abstract
We sequenced almost the complete coding region of the MC1R gene in several domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and identified four alleles: two wild-type alleles differing by two synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (c.333A>G;c.555T>C), one allele with a 30-nucleotide in-frame deletion (c.304_333del30) and one allele with a 6-nucleotide in-frame deletion (c.280_285del6). A polymerase chain reaction-based protocol was used to distinguish the wild-type alleles from the other two alleles in 263 rabbits belonging to 37 breeds or strains. All red/fawn/yellow rabbits were homozygous for the c.304_333del30 allele. This allele represents the recessive e allele at the extension locus identified through pioneering genetic studies in this species. All Californian, Checkered, Giant White and New Zealand White rabbits were homozygous for allele c.280_285del6, which was also observed in the heterozygous condition in a few other breeds. Black coat colour is part of the standard colour in Californian and Checkered breeds, in contrast to the two albino breeds, Giant White and New Zealand White. Following the nomenclature established for the rabbit extension locus, the c.280_285del6 allele, which is dominant over c.304_333del30, may be allele E(D) or allele E(S).
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
No matches found.
Related Haplotypes
2
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