GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000592
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Ovis aries
Trait State in Taxon B
Ovis aries
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
sheep
Synonyms
Ovis ammon aries; Ovis orientalis aries; Ovis ovis; sheep; domestic sheep; lambs; wild sheep; Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... leostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Ruminantia; Pecora; Bovidae; Caprinae; Ovis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
sheep
Synonyms
Ovis ammon aries; Ovis orientalis aries; Ovis ovis; sheep; domestic sheep; lambs; wild sheep; Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... leostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Ruminantia; Pecora; Bovidae; Caprinae; Ovis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
MC1R
Synonyms
CMM5; MSH-R; SHEP2; MSHR
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
UniProtKB
Homo sapiens
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
M73K
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Våge DI; Klungland H; Lu D; Cone RD
Abstract
Dominant black coat color in sheep is predicted to be caused by an allele ED at the extension locus. Recent studies have shown that this gene encodes the melanocyte stimulating hormone receptor (MC1-R). In mouse and fox, naturally occurring mutations in the coding region of MC1-R produce a constitutively activated receptor that switches the synthesis from phaeomelanin to eumelanin within the melanocyte, explaining the black coat color observed phenotypically. In the sheep, we have identified a Met-->Lys mutation in position 73 (M73K) together with a Asp --> Asn change at position 121 (D121N) showing complete cosegregation with dominant black coat color in a family lineage. Only the M73K mutation showed constitutive activation when introduced into the corresponding mouse receptor (mMC1-R) for pharmacological analysis; however, the position corresponding to D121 in the mouse receptor is required for high affinity ligand binding. The pharmacological profile of the M73K change is unique compared to the constitutively active E92K mutation in the sombre mouse and C123R mutation in the Alaska silver fox, indicating that the M73K change activates the receptor via a mechanism distinct from these previously characterized mutations.
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