GEPHE SUMMARY Print
pig; pigs; swine; wild boar; Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758; Sus scrofus
Show more ... ebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Suina; Suidae; Sus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
Sus domestica; Sus domesticus; Sus scrofa domestica; domestic pig
Show more ... hostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Sarcopterygii; Dipnotetrapodomorpha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Boreoeutheria; Laurasiatheria; Cetartiodactyla; Suina; Suidae; Sus; Sus scrofa
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Generic Gene Name
CMM5; MSH-R; SHEP2; MSHR
Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
GO - Molecular Function
GO:0008528 : G protein-coupled peptide receptor activity ... show more
GO - Biological Process
GO:0007275 : multicellular organism development ... show more
GO - Cellular Component
GO:0005886 : plasma membrane ... show more
SNP Coding Change
Molecular Details of the Mutation
L"99" P Actually 102
|Taxon A||Taxon B||Position|
Kijas JM; Wales R; Törnsten A; Chardon P; Moller M; Andersson L
The melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R) plays a central role in regulation of eumelanin (black/brown) and phaeomelanin (red/yellow) synthesis within the mammalian melanocyte and is encoded by the classical Extension (E) coat color locus. Sequence analysis of MC1R from seven porcine breeds revealed a total of four allelic variants corresponding to five different E alleles. The European wild boar possessed a unique MC1R allele that we believe is required for the expression of a wild-type coat color. Two different MC1R alleles were associated with the dominant black color in pigs. MC1R*2 was found in European Large Black and Chinese Meishan pigs and exhibited two missense mutations compared with the wild-type sequence. Comparative data strongly suggest that one of these, L99P, may form a constitutively active receptor. MC1R*3 was associated with the black color in the Hampshire breed and involved a single missense mutation D121N. This same MC1R variant was also associated with EP, which results in black spots on a white or red background. Two different missense mutations were identified in recessive red (e/e) animals. One of these, A240T, occurs at a highly conserved position, making it a strong candidate for disruption of receptor function.
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