GEPHE SUMMARY
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000782
Main curator
Courtier
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Other fishes
Trait State in Taxon B
Sebastolobus altivelis
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
teleost fishes
Synonyms
teleost fishes
Rank
infraclass
Lineage
Show more ... ular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Deuterostomia; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; Actinopterygii; Actinopteri; Neopterygii
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
-
Synonyms
-
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... la; Euteleosteomorpha; Neoteleostei; Eurypterygia; Ctenosquamata; Acanthomorphata; Euacanthomorphacea; Percomorphaceae; Eupercaria; Perciformes; Scorpaenoidei; Sebastidae; Sebastolobinae; Sebastolobus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
RHO
Synonyms
RP4; OPN2; CSNBAD1
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Opsin subfamily.
UniProtKB
Homo sapiens
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Mutation #1
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
D83N and A292S
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid Asp Asn 83
Authors
Yokoyama S; Tada T; Yamato T
Abstract
Vision begins when light is absorbed by visual pigments. It is commonly believed that the absorption spectra of visual pigments are modulated by interactions between the retinal and amino acids within or near 4.5 angstroms of the retinal in the transmembrane (TM) segments. However, this dogma has not been rigorously tested. In this study, we show that the retinal-opsin interactions extend well beyond the retinal binding pocket. We found that, although it is positioned outside of TM segments, the C-terminus of the rhodopsin in the rockfish longspine thornyhead (Sebastolobus altivelis) modulates its lambda(max) by interacting mainly with the last TM segment. Our results illustrate how amino acids in the C-terminus are likely to interact with the retinal. We anticipate our analyses to be a starting point for viewing the spectral tuning of visual pigments as interactions between the retinal and key amino acids that are distributed throughout the entire pigment.
Mutation #2
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
D83N and A292S
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid Ala Ser 292
Authors
Yokoyama S; Tada T; Yamato T
Abstract
Vision begins when light is absorbed by visual pigments. It is commonly believed that the absorption spectra of visual pigments are modulated by interactions between the retinal and amino acids within or near 4.5 angstroms of the retinal in the transmembrane (TM) segments. However, this dogma has not been rigorously tested. In this study, we show that the retinal-opsin interactions extend well beyond the retinal binding pocket. We found that, although it is positioned outside of TM segments, the C-terminus of the rhodopsin in the rockfish longspine thornyhead (Sebastolobus altivelis) modulates its lambda(max) by interacting mainly with the last TM segment. Our results illustrate how amino acids in the C-terminus are likely to interact with the retinal. We anticipate our analyses to be a starting point for viewing the spectral tuning of visual pigments as interactions between the retinal and key amino acids that are distributed throughout the entire pigment.
COMMENTS
Sebastolobus altivelis is the rockfish longspine thornyhead. @SeveralMutationsWithEffect
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