GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000848
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Plutella xylostella
Trait State in Taxon B
Plutella xylostella - resistant
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
diamondback moth
Synonyms
diamondback moth; cabbage moth; Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758); Putella xylostella
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... a; Pancrustacea; Hexapoda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Amphiesmenoptera; Lepidoptera; Glossata; Neolepidoptera; Heteroneura; Ditrysia; Yponomeutoidea; Plutellidae; Plutella
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
diamondback moth
Synonyms
diamondback moth; cabbage moth; Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758); Putella xylostella
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... a; Pancrustacea; Hexapoda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Amphiesmenoptera; Lepidoptera; Glossata; Neolepidoptera; Heteroneura; Ditrysia; Yponomeutoidea; Plutellidae; Plutella
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
L1014F
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Smith TJ; Lee SH; Ingles PJ; Knipple DC; Soderlund DM
Abstract
Voltage-sensitive sodium channels encoded by a full-length cDNA corresponding to the Vssc1 gene of the house fly (Musca domestica) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes either alone or in combination with the tipE gene product of Drosophila melanogaster and were characterized by two-electrode voltage clamp. Vssc1 cRNA alone produced very small (50-150 nA) sodium currents, whereas the combination of Vssc1 and tipE cRNAs produced robust (0.5-3 microA), rapidly inactivating sodium currents. The pyrethroid insecticide cismethrin prolonged the sodium current carried by Vssc1/tipE sodium channels during a depolarizing pulse and induced a tail current after repolarization. The Vssc1 cDNA was specifically mutated to substitute phenylalanine for leucine at position 1014 of the inferred amino acid sequence (L1014F), a polymorphism shown previously to be associated with the kdr (knockdown resistance) trait of the house fly. The L1014F substitution reduced the sensitivity of expressed house fly sodium channels to cismethrin at least 10-fold and increased the rate of decay of pyrethroid-induced sodium tail currents. These results demonstrate that the resistance-associated L1014F mutation confers a reduction in the sensitivity of house fly sodium channels to pyrethroids that is sufficient to account for the kdr resistance trait.
Additional References
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