GEPHE SUMMARY
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000874
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait #1
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Arabidopsis thaliana
Trait State in Taxon B
Arabidopsis thaliana Ws
Trait #2
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
-
Trait State in Taxon B
-
Trait #3
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
-
Trait State in Taxon B
-
Trait #4
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
-
Trait State in Taxon B
-
Trait #5
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
-
Trait State in Taxon B
-
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
thale cress
Synonyms
thale cress; mouse-ear cress; thale-cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.; Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress); Arabidopsis_thaliana; Arbisopsis thaliana; thale kress
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Arabidopsis thaliana Ws
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
Yes
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
10-99 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
14bp deletion causing premature stop codon
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Aukerman MJ; Hirschfeld M; Wester L; Weaver M; Clack T; Amasino RM; Sharrock RA
Abstract
The PHYD gene of the Wassilewskija (Ws) ecotype of Arabidopsis contains a 14-bp deletion (the phyD-1 mutation) beginning at amino acid 29 of the reading frame, resulting in translation termination at a nonsense codon 138 nucleotides downstream of the deletion end point. Immunoblot analyses showed that Ws lacks phyD but contains normal levels of phyA, phyB, and phyC. By backcrossing into the Ws and Landsberg erecta genetic backgrounds, we constructed sibling pairs of PHYD+ and phyD-1 lines and of phyB- PHYD+ and phyB- phyD- lines. Hypocotyl lengths after growth under white or red light increased sequentially in strains that were B+D+, B+D-, B-D+, and B-D-. In the Ws genetic background, an increase in petiole length, a reduction in cotyledon area and in anthocyanin accumulation in seedling stems, a diminished effect of an end-of-day pulse of far-red light on hypocotyl elongation, and a decrease in the number of rosette leaves at the onset of flowering were also seen sequentially in these lines. Thus, phyD, which is approximately 80% identical in amino acid sequence to phyB, acts in conjunction with phyB in regulating many shade avoidance responses. The existence of the apparently naturally occurring phyD-1 mutation indicates that phyD is not essential in some natural environments.
Additional References
COMMENTS
@Pleiotropy
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