GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000910
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Trait State in Taxon B
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - after 500 generations of selective pressure
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
baker's yeast
Synonyms
Saccharomyces capensis; Saccharomyces italicus; Saccharomyces oviformis; Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus; baker's yeast; S. cerevisiae; brewer's yeast; ATCC 18824; ATCC:18824; CBS 1171; CBS:1171; NRRL Y-12632; NRRL:Y:12632; Saccaromyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyce cerevisiae; Saccharomyes cerevisiae; Sccharomyces cerevisiae
Rank
species
Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; saccharomyceta; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales; Saccharomycetaceae; Saccharomyces
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Common Name
baker's yeast
Synonyms
Saccharomyces capensis; Saccharomyces italicus; Saccharomyces oviformis; Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus; baker's yeast; S. cerevisiae; brewer's yeast; ATCC 18824; ATCC:18824; CBS 1171; CBS:1171; NRRL Y-12632; NRRL:Y:12632; Saccaromyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyce cerevisiae; Saccharomyes cerevisiae; Sccharomyces cerevisiae
Rank
species
Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; saccharomyceta; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales; Saccharomycetaceae; Saccharomyces
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Trp750Cys
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon TGG TGC 2250
Amino-acid Trp Cys 750
Authors
Kohn LM; Anderson JB
Abstract
The aims of this study were to determine (i) whether adaptation under strong selection occurred through mutations in a narrow target of one or a few nucleotide sites or a broad target of numerous sites and (ii) whether the programs of adaptation previously observed from three experimental populations were unique or shared among populations that underwent parallel evolution. We used archived population samples from a previous study, representing 500 generations of experimental evolution in 12 populations under strong selection, 6 populations in a high-salt environment and 6 populations in a low-glucose environment. Each set of six populations included four with sexual reproduction and two with exclusively asexual reproduction. Populations were sampled as resequenced genomes of 115 individuals and as bulk samples from which frequencies of mutant alleles were estimated. In a high-salt environment, a broad target of 11 mutations within the proton exporter, PMA1, was observed among the six populations, in addition to expansions of the ENA gene cluster. This pattern was shared among populations that underwent parallel evolution. In a low-glucose environment, two programs of adaptation were observed. The originally observed pattern of mutation in MDS3/MKT1 in population M8 was a narrow target of a single nucleotide, unique to this population. Among the other five populations, the three mutations were shared in a broad target, sensing/signaling genes RAS1 and RAS2. RAS1/RAS2 mutations were not observed in the high-salt populations; PMA1 mutations were observed only in a high-salt environment.

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Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
10
COMMENTS
PMID 25016004 includes nucleotidic changes
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