GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000911
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Gallus gallus
Trait State in Taxon B
Gallus gallus - Dun allele
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
chicken
Synonyms
Gallus gallus domesticus; chicken; bantam; chickens
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... pha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Sauropsida; Sauria; Archelosauria; Archosauria; Dinosauria; Saurischia; Theropoda; Coelurosauria; Aves; Neognathae; Galloanserae; Galliformes; Phasianidae; Phasianinae; Gallus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
chicken
Synonyms
Gallus gallus domesticus; chicken; bantam; chickens
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... pha; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Sauropsida; Sauria; Archelosauria; Archosauria; Dinosauria; Saurischia; Theropoda; Coelurosauria; Aves; Neognathae; Galloanserae; Galliformes; Phasianidae; Phasianinae; Gallus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
Yes
Taxon B Description
Gallus gallus - Dun allele
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
PMEL
Synonyms
SILV; MMP115; PMEL17
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the PMEL/NMB family.
GO - Molecular Function
-
UniProtKB
Gallus gallus
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Deletion Size
10-99 bp
Molecular Details of the Mutation
deletion of amino acids 731-735
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Kerje S; Sharma P; Gunnarsson U; Kim H; Bagchi S; Fredriksson R; Schütz K; Jensen P; et al. ... show more
Abstract
Dominant white, Dun, and Smoky are alleles at the Dominant white locus, which is one of the major loci affecting plumage color in the domestic chicken. Both Dominant white and Dun inhibit the expression of black eumelanin. Smoky arose in a White Leghorn homozygous for Dominant white and partially restores pigmentation. PMEL17 encodes a melanocyte-specific protein and was identified as a positional candidate gene due to its role in the development of eumelanosomes. Linkage analysis of PMEL17 and Dominant white using a red jungle fowl/White Leghorn intercross revealed no recombination between these loci. Sequence analysis showed that the Dominant white allele was exclusively associated with a 9-bp insertion in exon 10, leading to an insertion of three amino acids in the PMEL17 transmembrane region. Similarly, a deletion of five amino acids in the transmembrane region occurs in the protein encoded by Dun. The Smoky allele shared the 9-bp insertion in exon 10 with Dominant white, as expected from its origin, but also had a deletion of 12 nucleotides in exon 6, eliminating four amino acids from the mature protein. These mutations are, together with the recessive silver mutation in the mouse, the only PMEL17 mutations with phenotypic effects that have been described so far in any species.
Additional References
COMMENTS
YOUR FEEDBACK is welcome!