GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000925
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Oryza rufipogon
Trait State in Taxon B
Oryza sativa
Ancestral State
Data not curated
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Common Name
-
Synonyms
red rice; common wild rice; Oryza rufipogon Griff.
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
rice
Synonyms
rice; red rice; Oryza sativa L.
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... ytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Oryzoideae; Oryzeae; Oryzinae; Oryza
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
PROG1
Synonyms
PROG1; Os07g0153600; OsJ_23131; OSJNBb0050B07.12; OSNPB_070153600
Sequence Similarities
-
GO - Biological Process
-
GO - Cellular Component
-
UniProtKB
Oryza sativa subsp. japonica
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Various
Experimental Evidence
Authors
Tan L; Li X; Liu F; Sun X; Li C; Zhu Z; Fu Y; Cai H; et al. ... show more
Abstract
The transition from the prostrate growth of ancestral wild rice (O. rufipogon Griff.) to the erect growth of Oryza sativa cultivars was one of the most critical events in rice domestication. This evolutionary step importantly improved plant architecture and increased grain yield. Here we find that prostrate growth of wild rice from Yuanjiang County in China is controlled by a semi-dominant gene, PROG1 (PROSTRATE GROWTH 1), on chromosome 7 that encodes a single Cys(2)-His(2) zinc-finger protein. prog1 variants identified in O. sativa disrupt the prog1 function and inactivate prog1 expression, leading to erect growth, greater grain number and higher grain yield in cultivated rice. Sequence comparison shows that 182 varieties of cultivated rice, including 87 indica and 95 japonica cultivars from 17 countries, carry identical mutations in the prog1 coding region that may have become fixed during rice domestication.
RELATED GEPHE
Related Genes
No matches found.
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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