GEPHE SUMMARY Print
Gephebase Gene
Entry Status
Published
GepheID
GP00000979
Main curator
Martin
PHENOTYPIC CHANGE
Trait Category
Trait State in Taxon A
Myzus persicae - sensitive
Trait State in Taxon B
Myzus persicae - resistant
Ancestral State
Taxon A
Taxonomic Status
Taxon A
Latin Name
Common Name
green peach aphid
Synonyms
Myzus (Nectarosiphon) persicae; green peach aphid; peach-potato aphid; Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776); Myzus persiceae
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Arthropoda; Mandibulata; Pancrustacea; Hexapoda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Paraneoptera; Hemiptera; Sternorrhyncha; Aphidomorpha; Aphidoidea; Aphididae; Aphidinae; Macrosiphini; Myzus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon A an Infraspecies?
No
Taxon B
Latin Name
Common Name
green peach aphid
Synonyms
Myzus (Nectarosiphon) persicae; green peach aphid; peach-potato aphid; Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776); Myzus persiceae
Rank
species
Lineage
Show more ... Arthropoda; Mandibulata; Pancrustacea; Hexapoda; Insecta; Dicondylia; Pterygota; Neoptera; Paraneoptera; Hemiptera; Sternorrhyncha; Aphidomorpha; Aphidoidea; Aphididae; Aphidinae; Macrosiphini; Myzus
NCBI Taxonomy ID
is Taxon B an Infraspecies?
No
GENOTYPIC CHANGE
Generic Gene Name
Rdl
Synonyms
CG10537; CT29555; Dmel\CG10537; DmRdl; DmRDL; gaba; GABA; GABA-R; GABAr; GABA[[A]]; GABA[[A]] receptor; GABA[[A]]-R; GABA[[A]]R; LCCH1; Rd1; rdl; RDL
Sequence Similarities
Belongs to the ligand-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.9) family. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (TC 1.A.9.5) subfamily.
UniProtKB
Drosophila melanogaster
GenebankID or UniProtKB
Presumptive Null
No
Molecular Type
Aberration Type
SNP
SNP Coding Change
Nonsynonymous
Molecular Details of the Mutation
Ala302Gly
Experimental Evidence
Taxon A Taxon B Position
Codon - - -
Amino-acid - - -
Authors
Anthony N; Unruh T; Ganser D; ffrench-Constant R
Abstract
Resistance to cyclodiene insecticides is associated with replacements of a single amino acid (alanine 302) in a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor subunit encoded by the single-copy gene Resistance to dieldrin (Rdl). Alanine 302 is predicted to reside within the second membrane-spanning region of the Rdl receptor, a region that is thought to line the integral chloride ion channel pore. In all cyclodiene-resistant insects studied to date, this same alanine residue is replaced either by a serine, or, in some resistant strains of Drosophila simulans, a glycine residue. Therefore, individuals can carry only two different Rdl alleles. In contrast, here we report the presence of up to four different Rdl-like alleles in individual clones of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. In addition to the wild-type copy of Rdl gene (encoding A302 or allele A), M. persicae carries three other alleles with the following amino acid replacements: A302-->Glycine (allele G), A302-->SerineTCG (allele S) and A302-->SerineAGT (allele S'). Evidence from direct nucleotide sequencing and Single Stranded Conformational Polymorphism (SSCP) analysis shows that at least three of these different Rdl alleles (i.e. A, G and S) are commonly present in individual aphids or aphid clones. Southern analysis using allele-specific probes and analysis of sequences downstream of the exon containing the resistance-associated mutation confirm the presence of two independent Rdl-like loci in M. persicae. One locus carries the susceptible alanine (A) and/or resistant glycine (G) allele while the other carries the two serine alleles (S or S'). Whereas resistance levels are correlated with the glycine replacement, the S allele was present in all aphid clones, regardless of their resistance status. These results suggest that target site insensitivity is associated with replacements at the first (A/G) but not the second (S/S') locus. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences indicates that both putative aphid Rdl loci are monophyletic with respect to other insect Rdl genes and may have arisen through a recent gene duplication event. The implications of this duplication with respect to insecticide resistance and insect GABA receptor subunit diversity are discussed.
Additional References
RELATED GEPHE
Related Haplotypes
No matches found.
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